software resources for science and technology education

Christmas Music Project from Mr Bit



Make your micro:bit play a Christmas tune.  


Mr Bit shows you how to take a tune from a music score and enter the notes into a program for the BBC micro:bit.

Whether loud or soft, fast or slow, sad or happy, a tune always has a series of notes, one after another.  A note can be high or low in pitch or short or long in duration.  To make music with your micro:bit all you have to do is to put notes in the right order and specify the pitch and duration of each note.





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IMB resources

What you need:


The notes on a music score show all that you need to know about pitch and duration.


Pitch is shown by the height of the note on the 5-line stave; with 5 lines and 4 spaces the stave can indicate 9 different notes.  By adding floating notes above and below the stave you can increase this number.  Each pitch has a letter as shown here.








Duration is shown by the style of the note and its stalk.  


The most common note is the crotchet, a solid blob with a plain stalk.  When a tune has a regular beat, this is the note that shows the beat.  Most tunes have between 60 and 120 beats per minute making the duration of a crotchet typically between 1000 milliseconds and 500 milliseconds.






In our Christmas tune, as well as having crotchets, we have two other types of notes:


Quaver: this has half the duration of a crotchet, so 2 quavers last as long as one crotchet.


Minim: this has twice the duration of a crotchet, so 2 crotchets last as long as one minim.


The quaver looks like a crotchet with a tail.

The minim looks like a crotchet with a hole in the  blob.





Skip this bit if you are familiar with music notation.




Scientific notation of pitch

Since the letters for notes are used in a repeating cycle, at several different pitches, we need an additional code to give a unique indication of pitch.  Scientific notation does this by adding a number to indicate in which octave (sequence of 8 notes) the note occurs.  C4 is middle C on a piano; C5 is an octave above; C3 is an octave below.  The octave number increases by one every time you go from B to C.  Insight Mr Bit uses this notation for pitch.



Pitches of notes you can program with Mr Bit:





That’s enough explanation.  Let’s get started on our tune “We wish you a Merry Christmas”


Step 1 – Prepare the tune


To prepare for making your program, the first step is to write underneath the stave the letter name for each note:


You now have a choice of coding editor:

Mr Bit            JavaScript Blocks           MicroPython


Step 2 – Select the control blocks


To build and program the control system with Mr Bit:


The dialogue for coding the tune now appears.



Step 3 – Type the tune notation











When a different duration is needed, type the new note value.

When the note is F, type a sharp # as well.



Step 4 – Program button A to start and stop the music


The control program should read “When button A gets pressed, switch on the piezo sounder, until button A gets pressed again.”



Step 5 – Prepare the micro:bit


To hear the tune, you need to connect an earpiece or headphones to pins GND and P0.  You can use crocodile clip leads as shown here.





Step 6 – Select ‘Control’ mode


You are now ready to play the tune:



Taking it further


You can extend the control system to show a “Merry Christmas” message on the LEDs while the tune is playing:



Mr Bit rule for duration:  The next note will have the same duration, unless you choose a quaver (2 units) or a minim (8 units).


Mr Bit rule for pitch:  The next note will have the same octave number, unless you choose the up (á) button or down (â) button.

Download this Mr Bit file to see a solution:

Merry Christmas.isc

Christmas carols

Download these scores to create more Christmas tunes.

Away in a manger


Hark the herald angels sing

 

O come all ye faithful


Once in royal David’s city


Silent night